Since its independence in 1990 and especially after the Transnistrian war in 1992, the region received the name of Moldavian Pridnestrovie Republic (MPR), an unrecognised State that claims the territory east of the Dniester River, the city of Bender and the surrounding localities situated on the west bank. The Moldavian Republic doesn’t recognise the secession and feels that the territories controlled by the Moldavian Pridnestrovie Republic (MPR) are part of the autonomous Moldavian region Stînga Nistrului, officially named autonomous territorial unity with a special legal status. Even though the Moldavian Pridnestrovie Republic (MPR) is not internationally recognised, it is in effect an independent State, organized as an independent State, with its own government, Parliament and its president, Yevgeny Shevchuk.

Also known as Transnistria, at times it is compared to other post-Soviet cold-war zones like Nagorno-Karabakh, Abkhazia and South Ossetia. The latter two have recognised the Moldavian Pridnestrovie Republic (MPR), Transnistria, as an independent State and have established diplomatic relations with it in exchange for its recognition through the Community for Democracy and the Rights of Nations.