The Chittagong Hill Tracts is one of the most diverse regions of the country, in terms of the people’s geography, ethnic groups and cultural traditions. There are eleven ethic groups there: Chakma, Marma, Tripura, Tanchangya, Mro, Lushai, Khumi, Chak, Khiyang, Bawm and Pangkhua.
Chittagong Hill Tracts’s area occupies only one tenth of the country’s total area, and its population density is the lowest of Bangladesh. The statistics show that the per capita income in Chittagong Hill Tracts is the lowest in Bangladesh; the residents of the Chittagong Hill Tracts earn up to 40% less than the national average.
The so-called Chittagong Hill Tracts Accord was signed with the objective of resolving Chittagong Hill Tracts’s problems, through political and peaceful methods. This accord offered recognition of the Chittagong Hill Tracts region as an inhabited tribal zone, introducing a special system of government in the Chittagong Hill Tracts through the regional Council of the Chittagong Hill Tracts and three District Councils, and transferred the general administration of the order to the people there with capacity of resolving land disputes, and promoted the demilitarization of the region.
Nevertheless, the main subjects of the Chittagong Hill Tracts Accord, such as preserving the status of inhabited tribal region and demilitarization, have not been put into practice yet. The Unrepresented United Nations (UUN) has joined together with the international community in the intention of persuading the government of Bangladesh to properly implement the Chittagong Hill Tracts Accord and that it establish a roadmap, with time frames for complying with the said Accord.